Proper design, specification and installation of fasteners and connections are crucial to long-term structural integrity and performance under load.

Nails used alone or in combination with metal framing anchors and construction adhesives are the most common method of fastening framing lumber and sheathing panels. Metal fasteners in contact with pressure-treated lumber must be corrosion-resistant.

In coastal areas, fasteners should be a minimum of hot-dip galvanized G185 or stainless steel.

Nail joints provide optimum performance when loads are applied at right angles to the shank.

Nailed joints with the load applied parallel to the shank (in withdrawal) should be avoided.